Chronic dry mouth (xerostomia), gum disease, tooth decay, mouth sores, oral wounds, and post-operative surgical sites are all potential sources of poor breath linked to oral health issues. When the poor breath is caused by dental disease, an ulcer, or an accident, the dentist will administer the necessary treatment to alleviate the problem or stimulate tissue repair. The dentist may recommend self-care or drugs to enhance salivary flow, artificial saliva, and other treatment interventions in cases of poor breath caused by persistent dry mouth. It’s crucial to remember that dry mouth might be a side effect of certain drugs used to treat a systemic problem.
A mouth ulcer can be caused by particular pharmaceuticals, chemical sensitivity, infections, or as a side effect of medical treatment such as chemotherapy, and is often the result of an actual injury such as biting the cheek or irritation from a sharp orthodontic wire. Stress and anxiety, as well as hormonal fluctuations, can promote a mouth ulcer such as a canker sore (also known as an aphthous ulcer).
Recurrent mouth ulcers affect up to one in every five persons, according to statistics. Mouth ulcers can be caused by a number of underlying health issues, including the ones listed below:
- Vitamin B12, zinc, folic acid, and iron insufficiency are examples of nutritional issues.
- Crohn’s disease and celiac disease are examples of gastrointestinal tract illnesses.
- An immune system that has been weakened by diseases such as HIV or Lupus
- Reactive arthritis
- Certain viral illnesses in young children, such as cold sore virus, chickenpox, and hand, foot, and mouth disease
It’s crucial to remember that a persistent mouth sore could be an indication of oral cancer. When there are suspected lesions in the oral cavity, a biopsy or tissue sample may be recommended. Early detection and treatment are the most effective approaches to assure a positive outcome.
How are mouth sores and ulcerations managed?
Since a mouth ulcer includes the loss or erosion of a portion of the sensitive tissue lining the oral cavity, eating, drinking, and even talking can be extremely unpleasant. The best strategy to limit the risk of problems until healing can take place is to treat the underlying cause (if there is one) and manage the symptoms. Reduce or eliminate any sources of continued irritation, avoid hot and spicy foods, drink plenty of fluids, use rinses or medication as recommended by a dentist or physician, and brush and floss the teeth as gently as possible to keep the mouth clean to ease the discomfort of mouth ulcers and promote healing.