Full or Partial Dentures
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) states that 3.75 percent of persons aged 20 to 64 in the United States are completely edentulous. Dentures not only restore the appearance of a whole and natural smile, but they also provide support to the natural curves of the face, preventing the “sunken” aspect that occurs when many teeth are lost. Dentures are an effective form of treatment for teeth that have been lost due to gum disease, tooth decay, a medical condition, a congenital defect, or trauma.
Dentures are detachable appliances that are meant to fit over the gums that cover the jawbones precisely and pleasantly. They can be removed from the mouth for short periods to meet the oral hygiene needs of maintaining underlying tissues, cleaning dentures, and sleeping.
Types Of Dentures
Full dentures and partial dentures are the two most common forms of dentures. Both types are made to order based on precise measurements taken from dental impressions and thorough functional and aesthetic information provided by the dentist.
Full dentures, often known as “full dentures,” are designed to replace all teeth on the upper or lower jaw. A full upper denture, also known as a complete maxillary denture, comprises a base that covers the roof of the mouth and a full complement of artificial teeth fitted around the area surrounding the dental arch. A complete mandibular denture, or full lower denture, on the other hand, is horseshoe-shaped with teeth fitted along the section that covers the underlying dental arch and is designed to accommodate the tongue.
A partial denture is a type of removable prosthesis used to restore a complete and functional smile in situations where numerous teeth are lost, or extractions are required, but some healthy teeth remain in the dental arch. Partial dentures are often attached and stabilized using clasps or precision attachments to select teeth adjacent to the edentulous portions and are custom constructed for an exact fit and cosmetically attractive look. A partial denture can be made from a combination of cast metal and acrylic materials, acrylic alone, or thermoplastic resins such as ValplastTM, Flexite®, Duroflex®, and tcs®, depending on the number of teeth being replaced as well as the practical and aesthetic requirements of the case.